The relationship between militarism, war and capitalism has a new relevance at the beginning of the 21st century. This ’war without limits’, the new political programme adopted by the Bush Administration, marks a significant change.
Anthony Bégrand interviewed Gilbert Achcar for the French revolutionary socialist newspaper, ’Rouge’.
The ’Fifth International’ is not the "spectre haunting Europe and the world" of which Marx wrote in the ’Communist Manifesto’, but is an idea that is beginning to circulate.
Lula’s victory has been celebrated as a great popular victory in Brazil and in Latin America in general. After all its not every day that a trade unionist and workers’ leader is elected as president, somebody who is a popular leader and the main organizer of a mass party of the left.
When the presidential electoral campaign opened, Brazil was on the verge of defaulting on the payment of its foreign debt.
If in the streets of Venezuela a decisive political and social confrontation is unfolding, the experience of the Argentine events and Lula’s victory in the Brazilian presidential elections once again poses strategic questions for the left and the social movements.
The 16th Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) took place in mid- November. It has become a routine and well-controlled event, held at a fixed date (every five years), which was far from the case in the past (Congresses were held in 1928, 1945, 1956 and then 1969, subsequently becoming more regular). It has also become a non-event: it took place apparently as predicted and, more strikingly, as predicted for several years. The headlines of the world’s newspapers proclaimed that ’the Chinese party Congress has embraced capitalism’.
On December 30, 2002, the Chinese Trotskyist leader Wang Fanxi died of heart failure in Leeds, Britain, aged 95. Born in Xiashi near Hangzhou in 1907, he joined the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) in 1925, abandoning his literature studies at Beijing University for the revolution. In 1931, he was expelled from the CCP and helped set up the Left Opposition led by Chen Duxiu, the CCP’s founder and a giant of modern Chinese thought and letters.
Livio Maitan, a regular contributor to ’International Viewpoint’, has just published La strada percorsa - Dalla Resistanza ai nuovi movimenti: lettura critica e scelte alternative ("The Road Taken - From the Resistance to the New Movements: A Critical Reading and Alternative Options"), with a preface by Fausto Bertinotti.